Article 8219

Title of the article



Khapchaev Sultan Talasovich, Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of state and legal disciplines, chairman of the subject commission of administrative and legal disciplines, North Caucasian State Humanitarian Technological Academy (100 Kosmonavtov street, Cherkessk, Russia), E-mail: 

Index UDK





Background. Despite the ubiquitous manifestation, the phenomenon of polygamy in the public consciousness is most often associated with Muslim culture, as if this practice first appeared and existed exclusively within the framework of Islam, or Islamic law in some serious ways contributed to its spread. This is one of the main reasons for accusing Islamic law of being backward and legitimizing gender inequality. The purpose of the work is to analyze the attitude of Muslim legal doctrine regarding the problem of polygamy.
Materials and methods. The fulfillment of research tasks was achieved by analyzing the provisions of religious texts, historical data, as well as Russian and foreign literature on the problems of Islamic law. The methodological potential includes methods of comparative and historical legal analysis, which allowed comparison of legal provisions and law enforcement practices between a number of different states of the world in relation to the problem of polygamy and similar issues.
Results. The essence of polygamy as a social phenomenon, the attitude of the main world religions to this problem, as well as the influence of polygamy on the sociopolitical processes of various peoples and cultures are investigated. The reasons that stipulate the sanctioning of polygamous marriages under Islamic law, as well as the resulting restrictions, prohibitions and duties of a social, economic, religious and legal nature were identified.
Conclusions. Islamic law allows polygamy, but does not consider it as a general rule and does not encourage Muslims to engage in polygamous marriage, attributing it to a religiously neutral type of behavior. Polygamy is permitted as an exceptional measure under certain socio-economic and personal circumstances to preserve the family and prevent the moral decline of society with the obligatory rule of fair and equal treatment of each spouse. 

Key words

Quran, Islamic law, history, polygamy, wife, marriage, divorce 

 Download PDF

1. Giddens E. Sotsiologiya: uchebnik. 2-e izd., vyp. po 4-mu angl. izd., dop. i pererab. [Sociology: textbook, 2nd edition, issued on the basis of 4th English edition, supplemented and amended]. Moscow: Editorial URSS, 2005. [In Russian]
2. Murdock G. Social Structure. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1949.
3. Men', A. Istoriya religii. T. 2. Magizm i edinobozhie [Religious history. Vol. 2. Sorcery and monotheism]. Moscow: Infra-M, 2005. [In Russian]
4. Legality of polygamy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available at: (accessed Nov. 01, 2018).
5. West’s Encyclopedia of American Law. Eds.: Jeffrey Lehman, Shirelle Phelps. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2005, vol. 8.
6. Criminal Code of Canada (Last amended on October 1, 2018): section 293, p. 369. Available at: (accessed Nov. 01, 2018).
7. Jail time sought for B.C. men convicted of polygamy. Available at: (accessed Nov. 01, 2018).
8. Osmanov M.-N. O. Koran; per. s arabsk. i kom. pod red. Kh. A. Madraimova, A. G. Kudryashovoy [Quran; translated from Arabic and edited by Kh. A. Madraimov, A. G. Kudryashova]. Saint-Petersburg: Dilya, 2009. [In Russian]
9. Mirimova A. A. Poligamiya v mirovykh religiyakh i ee kanonizatsiya v islame: dis. kand. filos. nauk [Polygamy in world religions and its canonization in Islam: dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of philosophy]. Makhachkala, 2005. [In Russian]
10. Westermarck E. A. The history of human marriage. London: Macmillan and Co., 1925, vol. 3.
11. Khapchaev S. T. Problema ravenstva i neravenstva v musul'manskoy pravovoy doktrine: dis. kand. yurid. nauk: 12.00.01 [The problem of equality and inequality in the muslim legal doctrine: dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of juridical sciences]. Stavropol, 2010. [In Russian]
12. Lezhe R. Velikie pravovye sistemy sovremennosti: sravnitel'no-pravovoy podkhod [Great legal systems of contemporaneity: the comparative legal approach]. Transl. from French by A. V. Gryadov. Moscow: Volters Kluver, 2009. [In Russian]
13. Polosin V. S. Medina al'-Islam [Medina al-Islam]. 2008, 22–28 Febr., no. 57. [In Russian]
14. As-Sayyid Sabiq. Fiqh al Sunnah. Beirut: Dar al-kitab al-’Arabi, 1994, vol. 2.
15. Jamal J. Ahmad Nasir. The Status of Women Under Islamic Law and Modern Islamic Legislation. Netherlands: Brill, 2009.
16. Tsypin V. (protoierey). Razvod: vzglyad tserkovnogo kanonista [Divorce: a view of a clerical canonist]. Pravoslavie.Ru. Available at: (accessed Nov. 01, 2018). [In Russian]
17. Sonbol Amira El Azhary. Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1996.
18. Swidler L. J. Women in Judaism: the status of women in formative Judaism. Lanham, M.D.: Scarecrow Press, 1976.
19. Rachel Adler. Engendering Judaism: an inclusive theology and ethics. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1998.
20. Hazleton L. Israeli women: the reality behind the myths. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977.
21. Ali Unal. The Qur’an with annotated interpretation in modern English. Istanbul: Tughra Books, 2007.
22. Francisco A. S. Martin Luther and Islam: a study in sixteenth-century polemics and apologetics. Leiden: BRILL, 2007.
23. Montgomeri U. Vliyanie islama na srednevekovuyu Evropu [The influence of Islam on Middle Age Europe]. Moscow: Nauka, 1976. [In Russian]
24. Rasulov Ya. Zhenshchina v istorii chelovechestva [The woman in the history of humankind]. Available at: (accessed Nov. 02, 2018). [In Russian]
25. Kilbride Ph. L. Plural marriage for our times. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994.
26. D’Emilio J., Freedman E. B. Intimate matters: a history of sexuality in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
27. Frevert U. Women in German history: from bourgeois emancipation to sexual liberation. New York: Berg Publishers, 1988.
28. Hillman E. Polygamy reconsidered: African plural marriage and the Christian churches. New York: Orbis Books, 1975.
29. Toffler E. Shok budushchego [The shock of the future]. Transl. from Engl. by A. Mirer. Moscow: ACT, 2002. [In Russian]
30. Odnopolyy brak [Same-sex marriage]. Available at: (accessed Nov. 03, 2018). [In Russian] 


Дата создания: 04.09.2019 08:44
Дата обновления: 05.09.2019 08:46