Khapchaev Sultan Talasovich, Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of state and legal disciplines, chairman of the subject commission of administrative and legal disciplines, North Caucasian State Humanitarian Technological Academy (100 Kosmonavtov street, Cherkessk, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Despite the ubiquitous manifestation, the phenomenon of polygamy in the public consciousness is most often associated with Muslim culture, as if this practice first appeared and existed exclusively within the framework of Islam, or Islamic law in some serious ways contributed to its spread. This is one of the main reasons for accusing Islamic law of being backward and legitimizing gender inequality. The purpose of the work is to analyze the attitude of Muslim legal doctrine regarding the problem of polygamy.
Materials and methods. The fulfillment of research tasks was achieved by analyzing the provisions of religious texts, historical data, as well as Russian and foreign literature on the problems of Islamic law. The methodological potential includes methods of comparative and historical legal analysis, which allowed comparison of legal provisions and law enforcement practices between a number of different states of the world in relation to the problem of polygamy and similar issues.
Results. The essence of polygamy as a social phenomenon, the attitude of the main world religions to this problem, as well as the influence of polygamy on the sociopolitical processes of various peoples and cultures are investigated. The reasons that stipulate the sanctioning of polygamous marriages under Islamic law, as well as the resulting restrictions, prohibitions and duties of a social, economic, religious and legal nature were identified.
Conclusions. Islamic law allows polygamy, but does not consider it as a general rule and does not encourage Muslims to engage in polygamous marriage, attributing it to a religiously neutral type of behavior. Polygamy is permitted as an exceptional measure under certain socio-economic and personal circumstances to preserve the family and prevent the moral decline of society with the obligatory rule of fair and equal treatment of each spouse.
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